Vaccine Effectiveness Against Influenza Hospitalization and Emergency Department Visits in 2 A(H3N2) Dominant Influenza Seasons Among Children <18 Years Old-New Vaccine Surveillance Network 2016-2017 and 2017-2018.

12 Aug 2022
Kim SS, Naioti EA, Halasa NB, Stewart LS, Williams JV, Michaels MG, Selvarangan R, Harrison CJ, Staat MA, Schlaudecker EP, Weinberg GA, Szilagyi PG, Boom JA, Sahni LC, Englund JA, Klein EJ, Ogokeh CE, Campbell AP, Patel MM, New Vaccine Surveillance Network

Studies have shown egg-adaptive mutations in influenza vaccine strains that might have impaired protection against circulating A(H3N2) influenza viruses during the 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 seasons. We used the test-negative design and multivariable models to assess vaccine effectiveness against influenza-associated hospitalization and emergency department visits among children (<18 years old) during the 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 seasons. Effectiveness was 71% (95% confidence interval, 59%-79%), 46% (35%-55%), and 45% (33%-55%) against A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), and B viruses respectively, across both seasons. During high-severity seasons with concerns for vaccine mismatch, vaccination offered substantial protection against severe influenza outcomes requiring hospitalization or emergency department visits among children.